Chitkara Open Access Journals - Blog

Accessibility of Water Among Scheduled Castes in Rural Punjab Issues and Challenges


Dr. Bindu Duggal, Associate Professor, Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development. Sector 19-A, 160 019, Chandigarh, India


Water Availability and Accessibility, Scheduled collect Castes, Rural Health


Access and availability to safe drinking water is not only an important gauge of the socioeconomic status of the household but is also imperative to the health of its members. Efforts have made for high coverage of water in Punjab. In spite of huge progress, the rural water sector still continues to face major challenges. The problem is more acute among Scheduled Castes as only 78 per cent households had drinking water source within the premises in Punjab as per Census 2011. The main objective of the study is to analyses the status and problems of water accessibility among this marginalized section of the society….



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Census of India (2011). Tables on Houses, households Amenities and Assets for Scheduled Castes, India, series 1, Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Government of India.

Census of India (2011). Population Totals, Paper 1, Series 4, Punjab, Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner.

Government of India (2014). Water Quality Issues and Challenges in Punjab, Central Ground Water Board: Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, March 2014

Hannah Johns (2012). Stigmatization of Dalits in Access to Water and Sanitation in India. It was submitted at the Human Rights Council in September 2012, NCDHR

Kapur. D, Ramisetty. M and Barot. N (2016). “Formative Research to Develop Appropriate Participatory Approaches towards Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Rural Area,” Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), India Wash Forum.

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Singh B.P. (2008). In rural Punjab, drinking water is becoming a silent killer: study, live mint-e-paper at…/In-rural-Punjabdrinking-water-is-becoming-a-silent-killer.html