Chitkara Open Access Journals - Blog

Contextualizing the Relevance of Antimicrobial Resistance in the Drug Prescription and Consumption Pattern of a Tertiary Level Hospital


B. Bhardwaj, A. Mahajan, M. Singh, R. Roy and R. SharmaDepartment of Biosciences, Manipal University Jaipur, Rajasthan-303007, India


Antimicrobial Resistance, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antimicrobial Consumption, Defined Daily Dose, Intensive Care Units


Rampant, irrational and unscientific use of antimicrobials by the healthcare practitioners is adding to the problem of antimicrobial resistance. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to evolve and implement new policies, recommence research actions and pursue steps to manage the crisis of antimicrobial resistance, which can be accomplished by a well-designed Antimicrobial Stewardship programme. A prospective observational study aiming to investigate the use of antimicrobials in Intensive Care Units by means of an AMS programme was carried out in a 400 bedded tertiary level hospital in New Delhi with 140 ICU beds…



Alyssa, R. (2018). Cephalosporins. UpToDate Website:

Antibiotic / Antimicrobial Resistance (AR / AMR), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Website:

Antimicrobial Resistance, World Health Organization Website:

Antimicrobial Stewardship: A competency-based approach, World Health Organization Website:

ATC/DDD Index 2019, WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology Website:

Austin, D. J., Kristinsson, K. G., & Anderson, R. M. (1999). The relationship between the volume of antimicrobial consumption in human communities and the frequency of resistance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96(3), 1152–1156.

Bae, S., Kim, M. C., Park, S. J., Kim, H. S., Sung, H., Kim, M. N., … & Kim, Y. S. (2016). In vitro synergistic activity of antimicrobial agents in combination against clinical isolates of colistin-resistant Acinetobacterbaumannii. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, AAC-00839.

DDD Indicators, World Health Organization Website: