From humble cottages to super tall structures, human beings have progressively developed the living and working space with time. This paper describes the origin and growth of modern skyscrapers, the subsequent challenges faced, and the way it was outdone. Research papers and case studies have been thoroughly studied and important excerpts from them have been explained to show how the modern structures have been evolved. The sources and causes of evolution is debatable among researchers, this paper has taken into account 7 most vital milestones in the growth of current generation skyscrapers and their contribution to the construction industry and concludes with the ideas and scopes where growth is still possible and challenges need to be solved.
Skyscrapers, Earthquake, evacuation, safety elevator, green building, Kangaroo cranes
- Pinak Ray, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India.
- Subham Roy, University of Engineering and Management, Kolkata, India.
Criteria for the Defining And Measuring of Tall Buildings, CTBUH, Chicago, I, 2014.
D. Friedman, Historical Building Construction: Design, Materials, and Technology, 2nd Edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2010.
T. Leslie, “The Monadnock building, technically reconsidered”, CT-BUH Journal, no. 4, pp. 26-31, 2013.
J. J. Tomlinson, Heat Recovery from Wastewater Using a Gravity-Film Heat Exchanger, Rev. Federal Energy Management Program, Oakridge National Laboratory, 2001. [Online] Available: https://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/4471856.
S. Giedion, “Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition” (5th Edition). Cambridge: Harvard University Press: 382, 1997.
J. Klerks, “Planning the world trade centre: 40 Years Apart”, CTBUH Journal, no. 3, pp. 26-29, 2011.
H. H. Quimby, Wind Bracing in High Buildings, The Engineering Record, November, pp. 394-395, 1892.
The Wind Bracing of Buildings, CONDIT, C. Scientific American, vol. 230, no. 2, 98,1974.
D. Poon, et al. “Structural design of Taipei 101, the world’s tallest building”, CTBUH 2004, October 10-13, Seoul, Korea, 2004, pp, 271-278.
D. N. M. Lee, “Application of tuned liquid dampers for the efficient structural design of slender tall buildings”, CTBUH Journal Issue, vol. 4, pp. 30-36, 2010.
P. Oldfield, D. Trabucco and A. Wood, “Roadmap on the Future Research Needs of Tall Buildings”, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat: Chicago, 2014.