Chitkara Open Access Journals - Blog

Stubble Burning in North-West India and its Impact on Health


Ms Charu BatraResearch Scholar,Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development. Sector 19-A, 160 019, Chandigarh, India


Crop Residue, Stubble Burning, Acute Respiratory Infection, Air Quality Index


Burning of crop residues released many pollutants, resulting in serious health hazards. This paper is an attempt to explore status of crop residues burning in Northwest India and its consequences on health in general and on child health in particular. An effort has also been made to find out the correlation between stubble burning and increasing incidence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) among children in Punjab. Finally an inventory of suggestions to curb this evil has also been prepared. Based on secondary sources, the data collected from various published studies, reports and NFHS, the present study found that residue burning resulted in the emission of greenhouse and various harmful gases…



Arbex M. et. al., (2004). Biomass burning and its effects on health. Journal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, 30(2), 1806–3756.

Binod P. et. al., (2009). Bioethanol production from rice straw: An Overview. Bioresource Technology. 101, 4767–4774.

Chandra R, et. al.,(2017). Energy Generation from paddy straw: An Analysis of Bioenergy Models. Akshay Urja, MNRE, Government of India. 22–27.

Gadde et. al. (2009). Rice straw as a renewable energy source in India, Thailand, and the Philippines: Overall Potential and Limitations for Energy Contribution and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation. Biomass bioenergy. 33, 1532–1546.

Gupta S. et. al.,(2017). Respiratory health of school children in relation to their body mass index (BMI) during crop residue burning events in North Western India. MAPAN-Journal of Metrology Society of India 33(2), 113–122.

Jain Niveta et. al. (2014). Emission of air pollutants from crop residue burning in India. Aerosol and Air Quality Research. 14, 422–430.

Kumar P. and Kumar S, (2010). Valuing the health effects of air pollution from agricultural residueburning. Retrieved from

Manish S. (2018). Punjab puts in place multi-crore action plan to tackle stubble burning. Retrieved from

Mohan. V. (2018). Stubble burning hits health adversely, confirms study. Retrieved from